Coaching Swimming Quiz

Coaching Special Olympics athletes is rewarding and makes use of the experience and knowledge coaches already have. In all sports, there are special rules and adaptions that make participation fairer, safer and more competitive for athletes of all abilities. The quiz below highlights aspects of Special Olympics Swimming that coaches and officials should know about. Test your knowledge!

1) During Special Olympics aquatics training sessions and competitions, when must a certified lifeguard be on the pool deck?

  • When athletes are swimming laps
  • When athletes are stretching on the pool deck
  • When athletes are practicing dive starts
  • First and third answer
  • All of the above
2) Coaches should teach aquatics athletes to ________________ when they feel exhausted or panicky in the pool.

  • Tread water as long as they can
  • Reach for a lane line
  • Hold their breath and float under the water
  • Swim as fast as they can to the end of the pool
3) An athlete with Down syndrome who has been diagnosed with Atlanto-Axial Instability may not participate in ________________.

  • Butterfly events, Individual medley events, diving starts and diving
  • Breaststroke events , Individual medley events, diving starts and diving
  • Diving starts and diving
  • Butterfly and Breaststroke events
4) Some aquatics athletes, such as those with absent limbs or spinal cord damage, may have trouble regulating body temperature in the water. What can coaches do to help athletes regulate their body temperature?

  • Encourage athletes to wear extra layers of clothing in the pool
  • Encourage athletes to consume extra fluids before, during and after their pool workouts
  • Discourage athletes from being in the water longer than ten minutes at a time
  • Assign athletes workouts that are not too strenuous
5) To enhance communication with aquatics athletes who have hearing impairments, coaches can ________________.

  • Speak slowly and precisely
  • Use demonstrations
  • Remain in one place for visual and auditory references
  • All of the above
6) To enhance communication with aquatics athletes who have hearing impairments, coaches can ________________.

  • Ask athletes to wear their hearing aids in the water
  • Speak loudly
  • Over-pronounce words
  • Choose not to correct athletes’ mistakes in order to avoid communication frustration
  • None of the above
7) During a competition start, athletes with hearing or sight impairments may receive the following accommodations:

  • A hand signal or touch/tap from a designated official
  • A gentle push into the pool from a designated official
  • A hand signal and the starting whistle or horn can be sounded directly behind the athlete so he or she can hear it better
  • All of the above
8) During the divisioning process, it is important for coaches to report athletes’ ________________ times to ensure correct divisioning.

  • Slowest
  • Average
  • Anticipated competition
  • Personal best
9) Each Unified relay team must consist of ________________.

  • Two athletes and two partners; the athletes and partners should have equal ability levels
  • Three athletes and one partner; the partner should have a slightly higher skill level than the athletes
  • Two athletes and two partners; the athletes should have a higher skill level than the partners
  • One athlete and three partners; the athlete and partners should have equal ability levels
10) The coach of a Unified relay team must assign the following race order to athletes and partners:

  • Athlete, partner, athlete, partner
  • Partner, athlete, partner, athlete
  • Athlete, athlete, partner, partner
  • Partner, partner, athlete, athlete
  • There is no mandate for race order on Unified relay teams
11) The procedures used for learning and practicing skills in the water are determined by:

  • The skill to be learned
  • The skill level of the swimmers
  • The size and shape of the facility
  • The extent of shallow and deep water areas available for practice
  • The number, sizes and ages of the athletes
  • All of the above
12) The “shoulder method” of assisting aquatics athletes into a pool would be most appropriate for which athlete?

  • An athlete who has been swimming for 15 years and can perform a grab start from the starting blocks.
  • An athlete who has never swam and is extremely fearful of water.
  • An athlete who is comfortable sitting on the edge of a pool and kicking her legs in the water.
13) Robbie performs the crawl stroke with his head well clear of the water and is concerned about splashing water near his face; his coach suspects he has likely failed to become properly adjusted to the water environment. How can Robbie’s coach help familiarize him to the water environment?

  • Robbie’s coach can trick him into jumping in the deep end of the pool. This will show Robbie that nothing bad will happen if his body is submerged in water.
  • Robbie’s coach can use games and play to help him develop an understanding of the properties of water, as well as basic exhaling/bubble blowing skills.
  • Robbie’s coach can surprise him by pouring a bucket of water over his head. This will help Robbie get over his fear of having water near his face.
14) Identify the athlete for whom the “egg blow” activity is the most appropriate:

  • An athlete who is uncomfortable putting his feet in the water.
  • An athlete who has been swimming for five years and is able to demonstrate bilateral breathing techniques during the Freestyle.
  • An athlete who is comfortable standing in the water, but has not yet put her face in the water.
15) What starts are allowed in Special Olympics aquatics competitions?

  • A grab start from the starting blocks or edge of the pool
  • A track start from the starting blocks or edge of the pool
  • An in-water start if a swimmer is unable to perform a standing start or is competing in a backstroke event
  • All of the above.
16) True or false: During Special Olympics breast stroke and butterfly competitions, swimmers must touch the wall with two hands to register a legal finish.

  • True
  • False
17) The games “Hoop on Top of Water – Go Under” and “Here, There, Where” primarily require athletes to practice what teaching point/skill?

  • Kicking
  • Floating
  • Eyes open and under water
  • Submerging under water
18) It is recommended that coaches introduce aquatics athletes to kicks in the following order:

  • Freestyle kick, backstroke kick, breaststroke kick, butterfly kick
  • Freestyle kick, backstroke kick, butterfly kick, breaststroke kick
  • Backstroke kick, breaststroke kick, freestyle kick, butterfly kick
  • No specific order is advised
19) Which of the following will NOT disqualify an aquatics athlete from competition during freestyle events or the freestyle portion of medley events?

  • Standing on the bottom of the pool
  • Walking on the bottom of the pool
  • Jumping on the bottom of the pool
  • None of the above
  • All of the above
20) To prevent aquatics athletes from bumping their heads during backstroke finishes, coaches can ask athletes to practice:

  • A kicking approach, where one arm is by the side of the body and one arm is extended above the head
  • Counting the number of strokes it takes to arrive at the wall after passing the backstroke flags
  • Slowing down considerably and rolling to a prone swimming position when the athlete suspects he or she is close to the wall
  • First and second answers
  • All of the above