Principles of Coaching is designed to educate coaches in coaching methods and techniques that will enhance the mission of Special Olympics in offering quality sports training and athletic competition. The Participants Manualoutlines how the mental, physical, and social conditions of the Special Olympics athlete influence his or her participation in sport, and stresses that coaches need to be aware of these aspects to understand the athletes better and to design appropriate coaching programs that meet each athlete’s needs.
Motor Activities Training Program (MATP) for example, is designed for persons with the most severe disabilities who cannot compete in Official Special Olympics Sports or Cannot physically perform skills and/or follow rules of behavior. MATP emphasizes training and participation, rather than competition. No strict rules; participants are assisted to demonstrate their “personal bests”, competing against self. Fun competitions with adaptations permitted.
2. Sports Rules:
The Official Special Olympics Sports Rules provide standards for Special Olympics training and competition. All Special Olympics training and competitions shall be conducted in accordance with the Sport-Specific Rules. The Sports Rules may be amended from time to time and published in Addendum. Special Olympics sports competitions are intended to operate in accordance with rules established by the International Federations (IFs) or National Governing Bodies (NGBs) of each sport. The Sports Rules are intended to modify, where necessary, IF or NGB rules. In cases where IF or NGB rules are in conflict with the Sports Rules, the Sports Rules shall apply.