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Coaching Cross Country Skiing Quiz

Coaching Special Olympics athletes is rewarding and makes use of the experience and knowledge coaches already have. In all sports, there are special rules and adaptions that make participation fairer, safer and more competitive for athletes of all abilities. The quiz below highlights aspects of Special Olympics cross country skiing that coaches and officials should know about. Test your knowledge!

1) During all Special Olympics cross country skiing competitions, __________________ rules shall be employed, except when they are in conflict with the Official Special Olympics Sports Rules for cross country skiing or Article I.

  • International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  • Federation Internationale de Ski (FIS)
  • Central Cross Country Ski Association (CXC Skiing)
  • Cross Country Sport Committee (CCSC)
2) If there are not enough athletes to properly division separate classical- and free-technique events of similar distances during Special Olympics cross country skiing competitions, _______________________.

  • The events shall be canceled
  • The events shall be combined and follow free technique rules
  • The events shall be combined and follow classical rules
  • The events will not be combined and will proceed without divisioning
3) A Special Olympics cross country skiing Unified ® relay team consists of ____________________.

  • A team of four skiers of similar age and ability; the number of Special Olympics athletes and Unified ® partners is determined by the coach
  • Two Special Olympics athletes and two Unified ® partners; the Unified ® partners should have a higher ability level that the Special Olympics athletes
  • Three Special Olympics athletes and one Unified ® partner of similar age and ability
  • Two Special Olympics athletes and two Unified ® partners of similar age and ability
4) During Special Olympics cross country skiing competitions, a competitor may be disqualified by the jury if he/she:

  • Does not follow the marked course
  • Does not pass all of the control check points
  • Takes a short cut
  • Receives unauthorized assistance
  • All of the above
  • None of the above
5) What are the four fundamental skiing skills that serve as foundations for basic ski lessons?

  • Classic skiing, uphill technique, downhill technique, additional skills
  • Classic skiing, advanced skiing, uphill technique, downhill technique
  • Classic skiing, uphill technique, downhill technique, speed
  • Speed, agility, uphill technique, downhill technique
6) True or false: When a cross country skiing athlete must get up from a fall, the first thing they should do is roll on their back with legs and skis up in the air.


  • True
  • False
7)  When on a cross country skiing trail, athletes who are passing slower skiers must ____________.

  • Tell the skier they are passing how fast they are going (slow or fast)
  • Tell the skier they are passing what side they are passing on (right or left)
  • Tell the skier they are passing how may seconds it will take to complete the pass
  • Remain silent, unless giving words of encouragement
  • All of the above
  • None of the above
8) Skiers who enter a main trail from a side trail ____________.

  • Have the right of way
  • Must yield the right of way
  • All of the above
  • None of the above
9) When stopping on cross country skiing trails, athletes are advised not to ____________.

  • Stop abruptly
  • Stop in a narrow place on the trails
  • Block the trail when stopped
  • Pull out in front of others
  • All of the above
  • None of the above
10) Easier cross country skiing trails are marked by ____________.

  • A black diamond
  • A blue square
  • A green circle
  • An orange triangle
  • All of the above
  • None of the above
11) To change direction on the track (such as a 90 or 180 degree turn), athletes are encouraged to use ____________.

  • Step turns
  • Star turns
  • Kick turns
  • All of the above
  • None of the above
12) The skier’s athletic stance does not include:

  • Feet shoulder width apart
  • More weight distributed to the dominant foot
  • Hands held in front
  • Slight bend in knees and ankles
  • Round shoulders
  • Forward bend at the hips
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